Agriculture Sector

Presented by the Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Light Industry

The livestock sector, comprised mostly of small-scale herders, raises cattle, goats, sheep, horses, and camels, and accounts for nearly 83 percent of agricultural products. The goats and sheep contribute to the domestic hair and hides processing sectors.

Mongolian farmers grow wheat, potatoes, and rapeseed and are experimenting with many other crops, seeking those that can be profitably grown during Mongolia’s short and relatively dry summers.


Production by Sector:

  • Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries- 2,913. 4 billlion Tugrug

  • Wholesale & Retail- 2,705.1 billion Tugrug

  • Processing Industry- 1,593.5 billion Tugrug

  • Public Catering- 232.9 billion Tugrug


There is a great potential for exports of high value-added industrial products based on meat, cashmere, yak hair, sheep and camel wool and over the past decade, the agriculture sector-one of Mongolia’s oldest industries has remained integral to the country’s long-term development strategy, even as mining, telecoms and some other relatively new sectors have grown rapidly.

According to recent analysis, about 60 percent of Mongolian cultivated area is low in nitrogen and potassium which is easy to use in plants, and 34.7 percent low in phosphorus concentrations, respectively. Thus, there are opportunities to intensify and further develop crop farming by systematically using mineral fertilizers based on soil test results and physiological context of crops, and by extensively utilizing nutrients and biofertilizers made by local natural and farming resources.

Therefore, wide cooperation opportunities are open for investors in this field of enhancing pastureland management, producing competitive value-added agricultural products, ensuring food security, developing marketing of organic agricultural products and curing livestock from disease.

Based on investors’ interest to undertake farming, by owning a land solely or jointly with foreign investors and local organizations, or by leasing the land there are huge opportunities to plant and export food and nutritional crop of high quality and nutrition other than traditional crops cultivated in Mongolia such as buckwheat, rapeseed, soy, and produce animal feed from its byproducts.

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